Home About Malawi Facts

Land area: 36,324 sq mi (94,079 sq km);

Total area: 45,745 sq mi (118,480 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 17,377,468 (growth rate: 3.33%); birth rate: 41.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 48.01/1000; life expectancy: 59.99

Largest city: Blantyre, 856,000

Monetary unit: Kwacha

Languages: English (official), Chichewa (common), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chilomwe, Chinkhonde, Chingoni, Chisena, Chitonga, Chinyakyusa,     Chilambya

Chewa 32.6%, Lomwe 17.6%, Yao 13.5%, Ngoni 11.5%, Tumbuka 8.8%, Nyanja 5.8%, Sena 3.6%, Tonga 2.1%, Ngonde 1%, other 3.5%

Christian 82.6%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5% (2008 est.)

Independence Day (Republic Day), July 6
Literacy rate:
74.8% (2010 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $15.02 billion; per capita $900.

Real growth rate: 5%. Inflation: 26.9%. Unemployment:Arable land: 30.38%.

Agriculture: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats.

Labor force: 5.747 million (2007 est.); agriculture 90%, industry and services 10% (2003 est.).

Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods.

Natural resources:limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite.

Exports: $1.427 billion (2013 est.): tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel.

Imports: $2.42 billion (2013 est.): food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment.

Major trading partners: South Africa, Canada, U.S, Germany, India, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, China, Russia (2012).

Member of Commonwealth of Nations


Telephones:main lines in use: 227,300 (2012); mobile cellular: 4.42 million (2012).

Broadcast media: radio is the main broadcast medium; privately-owned Zodiac radio has the widest national broadcasting reach, followed by state-run radio; about a dozen private and community radio stations broadcast in cities and towns around the country; the largest TV network is government-owned, but two private TV networks now broadcast in urban areas and more plan to begin broadcasting in 2014; relays of multiple international broadcasters are available (2014)

Transportation: Railways: total: 797 km (2002).

Roadways: total: 15,450 km; paved: 6,956 km; unpaved: 8,495 km (2003 est.).

Waterways: 700 km; Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and Shire Riverall.

Ports and terminals: Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba.